Law is a norm of conduct for the citizens of a particular country. It is a guideline or a parameter for everyone to maintain the social harmony and accord. It is not possible for anyone to even imagine a world without law and order. Law is certainly one of the most essential things for our survival.
It performs various functions, some of them are listed below:
1. Law defends us from criminals
One of the most basic functions of the law is that it defends us from those who seek to harm us in any way. The law doesn’t allow any of the citizens to engage in criminal activity, irrespective of the cast, creed, color, gender, etc.
2. It promotes good things
Law promotes good activities and brings wrong doers to justice. It encourages people to do the right things and stops them from doing immoral activities. The success and growth of a nation depends on the maintenance of law. It also serves as the protector of wealth for the citizens according to Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, best new law college.
3. It brings social change
Law acts as an agent of modernization and social change. It eliminates inhuman practices like untouchability, child marriage, sati, dowry, etc. It protects the weak and vulnerable sections of the society and provides dignified existence to everyone alike.
The important relationship between law and society
Law is a social science, characterized by effort and adjustment. It has a complex vitality of a living organism. It moves us in a direction that is assumed good by most of us, and prohibits from adhering to what we assume as immoral activities.
The members of a society are entitled to make social rules, and disobedience to these set of rules is followed by punishment. On the other hand, law is enforced by the state for progress and development with security and reliability. This highlights the relationship between the two, and how social changes go hand in hand with the law.
Legal system reflects all the energy of life within in any society. Law has the complex vitality of a living organism. We can say that law is a social science characterized by movement and adaptation. Rules are neither created nor applied in a vacuum, on the other hand they created and used time and again for a purpose.
The social rules are made by the members of the society. Disobedience of the social rules is followed by punishment of social disapproval. There is no positive penalty associated with the violation of rules except excommunication or ostracism. On the other hand, law is enforced by the state. The objective of law is to bring order in the society so the members of society can progress and develop with some sort of security regarding the future. The state makes laws. Disobedience of state laws invites penalty, which is enforced by the government by the power of the state. What is not enforceable is not Law.