Do you often see puddles in your yard and landscape area? It is time to improve your irrigation and drainage systems.
Wet stains in the yard are bothersome and obvious … The grass will get worse if it is underwater for too long. Nobody likes to walk on wet areas on the way home. If there is a poorly organized rainwater area in your yard or landscape, it may cause water leakage into the basement or even worse… So what’s the answer? What solution? We will discuss these options in this article.
Identifying the origin of a waterlogged Yard and garden
In order to solve a problem, we must first identify what causes it, and for this, the first thing we have to do is ” observe ” and answer some questions:
Does the garden flood all the time or only when it rains? Is it just an area of the garden, or does it get completely flooded?
If we suffer from a waterlogged garden all the time, regardless of whether it rains or not, we have a 99% chance that it is a leak, here it is very important to locate the water leak in the garden.
Here we must pay attention to things like underground pipes (whether they serve to provide water to the house or it is an irrigation and drainage system), taps that constantly leak, if we have a pool, we will have to see if there are no leaks in it or in its drainage and filling pipes, that is, we should pay attention and evaluate each source of water that the garden has.
When the flooded area is small, it will be easier to identify. However, if the garden gets completely flooded, there we will have a little more work.
A good way to see if the irrigation and drainage system has something to do with it is to observe the ground after having activated it. Usually, as the water flows with more pressure, we will be able to see clearer puddles in the area of the problem or the fissure.
But we can face another reality, and that is that the garden is flooded after the rains, especially if they are copious and fall in a very short time. Here we can try to identify several possible origins:
- A terrain that is too clayey, which makes it less permeable and more compact.
- A bad distribution and/or channeling of the drainage of the roofs of the house.
- Incorrect leveling of the ground (areas that are too low or sunken).
To make it easier for you to identify these types of origins, you will have no choice but to observe your garden when it rains, both during and after the rain. Observe how the water “runs” through your garden, which will give you an idea of the unevenness of the ground but also of the permeability of the soil. If the water runs quickly, it usually suggests very compact soil. Also, watch where the water that drains from the roofs is going.
When it has stopped raining, see in which precise places the garden has been flooded and for how long it remains so.
Solutions to the irrigation and drainage problems of a waterlogged garden
If we talk about broken pipes, whether they be an irrigation and drainage system or something else, the solution is nothing more than digging and fixing the leak, but when we talk about other sources, we must get a little more creative to find solutions that really work.
I am going to mention some of the solutions that are generally indicated and recommended. But remember that not all of them are used for the same gardens. Here it will be in your hands to see which is the best-suited solution for your flooded garden.
- Excess water coming from roofs
- If you don’t have them yet, place gutters to support and direct the flow of water from the roofs to a place that will not harm your yard and landscape.
- You can also install a rainwater collection system, and by the way, you take advantage of that water and then water your plants
- Soil too clayey and compact
- Here the solution is to improve the structure of the substrate. To do that, we usually recommend to till the soil and mix it with organic matter (compost, peat, etc., in no more than 5% of the volume of soil) and with sand (50% approximately).
- Slope problems or concave terrain
- In the case of small concave spaces, you could consider filling in with dirt and sand.
- For the problem of poorly leveled land, the best solution is to install the irrigation and drainage system that allows you to “redirect” stagnant water to a drain.
Install an irrigation and drainage system
This is usually the best solution. You can either hire specialized personnel for landscape drainage service or do it yourself.
Basically, the idea is about creating “channels” through which we want the water to move and installing filter pipes in them. These pipes are not completely closed tubes; rather, they have micropores that allow the water to filter.
To create this drainage system, we must start from the area that is most flooded in our garden and from there digging gutters to the lowest areas so that they finally reach an underground drain.
An example of a “design” would be one in the shape of a herringbone (or like fish bones), with the main pipe running the length of the area to be drained and the lateral pipes that will join it (placed at an angle of 45°), oriented in the direction that the water flows follow.
When the side pipes are on both sides of the main pipe, it is recommended to lay them so that they do not enter the same point from opposite sides.
These trenches or channels must be deep enough to accommodate a pipe and must be dug with a slope so that the water flows where we want. The number and position of the drainage pipes will depend on the size of the area and the type of soil.
If you can do it yourself, this is great, but in case you need professional assistance, feel free to contact Done Right now. Done Right is a team of experienced professionals known for the installation and maintenance of irrigation and drainage systems all around Florida. If you, too, need some assistance, knock at us. We are only a click away.