• Wed. May 24th, 2023

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What are the various steps to treat female infertility?


Infertility is defined as a female’s inability to conceive after having unprotected sex for more than a year.  According to medical experts, certain tests are performed to determine the root cause of her infertility. The treatment will not begin until certain diagnostic tests have been completed.

The initial consultation, which involves evaluating the patient’s entire case history, is the first and most important step. Details about the menstrual cycle are requested to assist in determining the ovulation cycle. Other information, such as previously occurring sexually transmitted diseases or infections, is also questioned. The patient should also disclose any other habits, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, or drug use.

The next step is to perform a physical examination of the pelvic organs to determine the presence of any type of pelvic infection. To examine the pelvic region, an ultrasound or other tests such as hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, and hysterosalpingography (HSG) are used. These procedures aid in the detection of abnormalities within the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

Certain blood tests are also performed to examine hormonal levels such as LH (luteinizing hormone), FSH (follicle stimulating hormone), and TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone), all of which play an important role in regulating a female’s fertility.

Here are the different steps explained:-

Medicines: Your doctor might suggest that you need certain medicines at the initial stage to treat female infertility.

Clomifene: It works to encourage the monthly release of an egg in women who do not ovulate regularly.

Tamoxifen is an alternative to clomifene and also helps treat ovulation problems.

Metformin is specifically beneficial for women who have PCOS.

Gonadrotophis: It not only stimulates ovulation in women but also deals with the complications of male infertility.

Gonadotrophin: This aids in hormone balance, allowing for effective ovulation.

Surgical procedures: Sometimes, surgical treatments alone can work wonders to make a woman able to get pregnant successfully. The surgical procedures include

Fallopian tubes: The fallopian tubes are a pathway that connects eggs to sperm, allowing an embryo to develop. When these fallopian tubes get damaged and blocked, the function of carrying eggs to sperm gets blocked. Surgery is required to treat female infertility when other complications are not found.

Endometriosis, fibroids, and PCOS: A vital treatment will be performed for endometriosis, fibroids, and PCOS. Endometriosis is a condition where a replica tissue of the uterine lining grows outside of it near other reproductive organs, causing cysts. To treat this condition, a laparoscopy treatment will be conducted, which also helps to reduce fibroids (small growths in the womb). Similarly, in the case of PCOS, this treatment is beneficial when medications do not work.

Assistive Reproductive Technology( ART) – One of the best ways to treat infertility and to provide a permanent solution is to adopt Assisted reproductive technology-

The most popular form of ART-

IVF– In-vitro fertilization, is a treatment in which fertilization occurs outside the human body, inside the modern -laboratory where eggs and sperms combine inside a petri dish. This treatment is long and performed after a detailed analysis of a woman’s health to enhance the possibility of success.

ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is a supplement to IVF in which sperm is injected into the center of an egg using a needle so that the egg can be fertilized easily.

In many cases, female infertility is still considered taboo, but due to the shift in technology and advancement in the healthcare sector, it has become possible to treat infertility not only in females but also in males. So, take responsibility for your own reproductive health and consult with the best IVF doctor to plan for a baby successfully.

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