Tokyo Olympics 2020: Neeraj Chopra wins Gold in Javelin, India’s first-ever win in athletics

India’s javelin ace Neeraj Chopra has scripted history in Tokyo Olympics 2020. The 23-year-old has become the second Indian, after Abhinav Bindra, to win an individual gold medal for India.

His monstrous throw in the second round proved too good for other javelin throwers. His biggest rival, Johannes Vetter, was out in the first round of the finals. 

Neeraj Chopra finished on top with a throw that went 87.58m. Czech Republic’s Vadlejch (86.67m) and Vítězslav Veselý (85.44m) won silver and bronze respectively. 

With this medal, India goes past their previous best and have 7 medals in their tally with four bronze, two silver and one gold. 

Twitteratis were overjoyed with the win. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi took to Twitter and wrote: “History has been scripted at Tokyo! What @Neeraj_chopra1 has achieved today will be remembered forever. The young Neeraj has done exceptionally well. He played with remarkable passion and showed unparalleled grit. Congratulations to him for winning the Gold. #Tokyo2020.”

Neeraj Chopra’s father also reacted after his win and said: “I am so happy that the country’s dream has been fulfilled through the efforts of my son. After seeing the level of his training, we were sure of this medal.” 

Tokyo Olympics 2021 Day 12 Live Updates: Neeraj into javelin finals; Ravi, Deepak into wrestling semis

Tokyo Olympics 2021 India Events Schedule, Day 12: Neeraj Chopra qualifies for men’s javelin throw finals; Lovlina Borgohain to be in semi-final action, India faces Argentina in women’s hockey semis.

Tokyo Olympics 2021 India, Day 12: After the disappointments on Day 11, it is a big day on Wednesday as India’s Lovlina Borgohain, who is already assured of a medal, will take on reigning world champion Busenaz Sürmeneli in semis (69kg) for a place in the final. This is the first time that a sportsperson from Assam is all set to win a medal at the Olympic Games.

The boxer, hailing from Baramukhia village in Assam’s Golaghat district, defeated Chinese Taipei’s Nien-Chin Chen to reach the women’s welterweight semi-finals. On the other hand, India faces Argentina in the women’s hockey semi-finals later in the afternoon. In their third-ever Olympics, it will be their first-ever last-four appearance. Neeraj Chopra qualified for the men’s javelin throw finals by topping the Group A qualification with a throw of 86.65m, but Shivpal Singh failed to do so in Group B. In wrestling, both Ravi Dahiya (57kg) and Deepak Punia (86kg) won their opening two bouts and made their way into the respective semi-finals. Anshu Malik, who lost her opening bout in women’s 57kg, will compete in repechage round next.

EVENT SCHEDULE // BOXING: Lovlina Borgohain vs Busenaz Surmeneli (Turkey) in Women’s 69kg Semi-Final, 11 AM IST | WRESTLING: Ravi Dahiya vs Nurislam Sanayev (Kazakhstan) in Men’s Freestyle 57kg Semi-Final, 2:45 PM IST | Deepak Punia vs David Taylor (USA) in Men’s Freestyle 86kg Semi-Final, 3 PM IST | HOCKEY: India vs Argentina in Women’s Semi-Final: 3:30 PM IST.

CBSE 10th Result 2021 Likely to be Declared at Noon Today at cbseresults.nic.in

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) class 10 results declared one of the best ever results as nearly all students have passed the exam. Of the total 21,467 students, as many as 99.04% have passed. This is a jump of over 8 percentage points from last year when 91.46% of students had passed the exams. Among the 21.5 lakh students, as many as 26841 enrolled in private mode for whom the result is not out. Further, the results of 16639 students are under process and will be declared later.

Region-wise, Trivandrum remains the undefeated champion as it not only is the best among regions but has the highest ever pass percentage with 99.99% of students from the region clearing the exam. It is followed closely by Bengaluru which has a 99.96% pass percentage.

Over 21 lakh students can download their marksheets from cbse.nic.in, cbse results.nic.in. Students can also check their results at digilocker.gov.n. Results is also be available at Umang App.

CBSE Class 10 Results 2021: Region Wise Pass Percentage

Trivandrum – 99.99%
Bengaluru – 99.96%
Chennai – 99.94%
Pune – 99.92%
Ajmer – 99.88%
Panchkula – 99.77%
Patna – 99.66%
Bhubaneswar – 99.62%
Bhopal – 99.47%
Chandigarh – 99.46%
Dehradun – 99.23%
Prayagrah – 99.19%
Noida – 98.78%
Delhi West – 98.74%
Delhi East – 97.80%
Guwahati – 90.54%

Nearly 100% Pass percentage has been recorded by CBSE this year. About 99.04% of students have been declared passed this year. The board has withheld results for over 16639 students. In class 12 as well over 60,000 students are still awaiting results considering some schools have either not declared data or there is an error in the results.

In CBSE class 10 results, girls have outperformed boys by 0.35%. As many as 99.24% of girls who registered for the exam have passed while the pass percentage of boys is at 98.89%. All the transgender students who registered for the exam have passed it.

CBSE Class 10 Results 2021: How to check Marks

Step 1: Go to the official websites of CBSE — cbse.nic.in, or cbseresults.nic.in

Step 2: Click on the Class 10 result 2021 link on the homepage

Step 3: Enter your roll number as per your admit card and required credentials

Step 4: Your CBSE Class 10 will open on a new page

Step 5: Download and take a print of the document for future reference

Malls to Remain Shut, Shoots Allowed: BMC Issues New Guidelines for Reopening Mumbai

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) on Monday issued a set of guidelines to ease coronavirus-induced restriction in Mumbai city in a phased manner. In its ‘Break the Chain’ initiative, the civic body announced reopening of certain regular activities based on the Covid-19 case positivity rate in a particular area to kick-start the economy.

RESTRICTIONS

There shall be five levels of restrictions for different class/categories of activities. These levels of restrictions shall be applied based on two parameters: case positivity rate and percentage of oxygen beds occupancy. Every Disaster Management Authority shall enforce these levels of restrictions over administrative units falling under its jurisdiction.

  • The timings for shops/establishments dealing with essential will be regular in level 1 and 2, but till 4pm on all days for level 3 and 4. While till 4pm on weekdays and weekends closed except for medical.
  • The timings for shops/establishments dealing with non-essential items will be regular in level 1 and 2, but till 4pm on all days for level 3 and closed for level 4 and 5.
  • Timings for malls/theatres will be regular for level 1; 50 per cent capacity for level 2; and closed for levels 3, 4, and 5.
  • Opening timings for restaurants will be regular in level 1; 50 per cent capacity for dining in for level 2; 50 per cent capacity for dining in till 4pm only on weekdays and afterwards only parcel, takeaways and deliveries in level 3; only parcel/takeaway and home delivery in level 4; and only home delivery, no visiting in level 5.
  • Public places/open grounds/walk/cycles will be regular for levels 1 and 2; 5am-9am on everyday for level 3; 5am-9am on weekdays and closed on weekends in level 4; and close in level 5.
  • Shooting will be regular for levels 1 and 2; bubble and no movement outside after 5pm for level 3; bubble and no crowd scenes/no movement outside after 5pm on weekdays and no movement outside throughout on weekends for level 4; and closed for level 5.
  • Gatherings such as social, cultural, entertainment will be regular in level 1; 50 per cent capacity in level 2; 50 per cent capacity and till 4pm on weekdays in level 3; and closed in levels 4 and 5.
  • Marriages to be regular in level 1; 50 per cent capacity in hall with maximum of 100 people in level 2; 50 people in level 3; 25 people in level 4; and one family in level 5.
  • For performing funerals, it will be regular in levels 1 and 2; while 20 people each in levels 3, 4 and 5.
  • Gyms/salons/beauty centres/spas wellness centres will be regular with timings in level 1; 50 per cent capacity with only appointment in level 2; till 4pm with 50 per cent capacity and appointment with no AC in level 3; till 4pm with 50 per cent capacity and appointment with no AC in and only vaccinated customers in level 4; and closed in level 5.
  •  Public transport like bus to be regular in level 1; 100 per cent without standing in levels 2 and 3; 50 per cent without standing in levels 4 and 5.

Danish Siddiqui’s body mutilated, had multiple bullet wounds, tyre marks

One Indian official said the body had nearly a dozen bullet wounds and that there were tyre marks on Siddiqui’s face and chest.

The body of Danish Siddiqui, a Pulitzer Prize-winning Reuters photojournalist who was killed in Afghanistan on July 16, was badly mutilated while in the custody of the Taliban, officials said this week.

An Indian national, the 38-year-old Siddiqui was killed on the morning of July 16, when Afghan commandos he had accompanied to Spin Boldak, a border district recently captured by the Taliban, were ambushed. Initial photographs from the scene showed Siddiqui’s body with multiple wounds but fully intact.

But by that evening, when the body was handed over to the Red Cross and transferred to a hospital in the southern city of Kandahar, it had been badly mutilated, according to two Indian officials and two Afghan health officials there.

The New York Times reviewed multiple photographs, some provided by Indian officials and others taken by Afghan health workers at the hospital, that showed Siddiqui’s body had been mutilated. One Indian official said the body had nearly a dozen bullet wounds and that there were tyre marks on Siddiqui’s face and chest.

One of the health officials in Kandahar said the body, along with Siddiqui’s press vest, reached the city’s main hospital around 8 pm on the day he was killed. His face was unrecognisable, said the official, who added that he could not determine exactly what had been done to the body.

There are conflicting reports about what happened on July 16, as the Afghan special forces with whom Siddiqui was travelling tried to retake Spin Boldak.

Accounts from local officials, as well as Taliban members, suggest that Siddiqui and the Afghan unit’s commander were killed in a crossfire when their convoy was ambushed from multiple directions. Their bodies were left on the battlefield as the rest of the unit retreated, according to this version of events.

Some news outlets reported that Siddiqui might have been captured alive by the Taliban and then executed. Those reports could not be confirmed. One Indian official, however, said that some of Siddiqui’s wounds appeared to be from gunshots at close range.

A Taliban spokesman, Zabihullah Mujahid, denied any wrongdoing on the part of the insurgents, saying they were under orders to treat bodies with respect and to hand them over to local elders or the Red Cross. But the Taliban were in control of the area at the time, and some photographs showed what appeared to be the group’s fighters standing around Siddiqui’s body, which was then intact.

The revelation comes amid concern that the fighting in Afghanistan has become increasingly brutal as peace talks have stalled.

The Taliban rose to power from the southern province in the 1990s, promising to end atrocities carried out by local militias. In recent years, Afghan forces led by Abdul Raziq, a general who was assassinated in 2018, have been accused of ruthless tactics as they fought the Taliban in Kandahar. Spin Boldak, where Siddiqui died, was General Raziq’s hometown. Reports have emerged of the Taliban detaining, and in some cases executing, people who had been associated with the general.

Human Rights Watch and other watchdog groups say the Taliban have carried out a series of revenge killings in Kandahar province, where some of the most brutal episodes in Afghanistan’s last four war-torn decades have occurred.

“Danish always chose to be on the front lines so that abuses and atrocities could not remain hidden,” said Meenakshi Ganguly, the South Asia director for Human Rights Watch. “The brutality with which Taliban fighters punished Danish proves the abuses that he was documenting.”

Three days before his killing, Siddiqui had posted a video on Twitter in which he said several rocket-propelled grenades had struck the armoured vehicle in which he was travelling.

His body, in a closed coffin, was returned to his home in New Delhi two days after his death. He was buried in a cemetery at Jamia Millia Islamia, the university in New Delhi from which he had graduated.

The Indian girl killed for wearing jeans

Last week, 17-year-old Neha Paswan was allegedly beaten to death by members of her extended family in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh because they didn’t like her wearing jeans.

Her mother, Shakuntala Devi Paswan, told BBC Hindi that the teenager had been severely beaten with sticks by her grandfather and uncles after an argument over her clothes at their home in Savreji Kharg village in Deoria district, one of the least developed regions in the state.

“She had kept a day-long religious fast. In the evening, she put on a pair of jeans and a top and performed her rituals. When her grandparents objected to her attire, Neha retorted that jeans were made to be worn and that she would wear it,” her mother said.

The argument escalated, resulting in the violence, she claims.

Shakuntala Devi said as her daughter lay unconscious, her in-laws called an autorickshaw and said they were taking her to hospital.

“They wouldn’t let me accompany them so I alerted my relatives who went to the district hospital looking for her but couldn’t find her.”

The next morning, Shakuntala Devi said, they heard that the body of a girl was hanging from the bridge over the Gandak river that flows through the region. When they went to investigate, they discovered it was Neha’s.

Police have lodged a case of murder and destruction of evidence against 10 people, including Neha’s grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins and the auto driver. The accused have yet to make any public statement.

Senior police official Shriyash Tripathi told BBC Hindi that four people, including the grandparents, an uncle and the auto driver, had been arrested and were being questioned. He said police were looking for the remaining accused.

Neha’s father Amarnath Paswan, who works as a day labourer on construction sites in Ludhiana, a town in Punjab, and had returned home to deal with the tragedy said he had worked hard to send his children, including Neha, to school.

Shakuntala Devi said their daughter wanted to be a police officer, but “her dreams would never be realised now”.

She alleged that her in-laws were putting pressure on Neha to leave her studies in a local school and often chided her for wearing anything other than traditional Indian clothing.

Reference Link: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-57968350

India beat Australia 1-0, reach historic hockey women’s semifinals

Tokyo Olympics 2021 Day 10 Live Updates: The Indian women hockey team made history on Monday, the 10th day of Tokyo Olympics as they beat Australia 1-0 in the quarterfinals. With that, India sealed their spot in the semifinals for the first time in their Olympic history. Meanwhile, starting the day for India, Dutee Chand clocked her season best timing of 23.85 seconds in the women’s 200 m race but finished last in the heat, failing to qualify for semifinal.

After a carnage-filled Day 9 that saw PV Sindhu added to India’s medal tally with a bronze, India will now pin hopes on Kamalpreet Kaur as she will be throwing the 1kg disc in hope of a medal. Indian shooters have had a disappointing campaign in the Games so far.  Sanjeev Rajput and Aishwary Pratap Singh Tomar will be looking to change that in 50m Rifle 3 positions qualifiers which will be followed by finals if the duo qualify.

Remaining India’s matches on Day 10: SHOOTING: Sanjeev Rajput and Aishwary Pratap Singh Tomar in Men’s 50m Rifle 3 Positions Final: 1:20 PM (subject to qualification) | EQUESTRIAN: Fouaad Mirza in Eventing Jumping Individual Qualifier: 1:30 PM | ATHLETICS: Kamalpreet Kaur in Women’s Discus Throw Final: 4:30 PM | EQUESTRIAN: Eventing Individual Jumping Final: 5:15 PM (subject to qualification) |

India win hockey opener, Sumit Nagal takes first set

Tokyo Olympics 2020 Live Updates Day 1: Archery, Shooting and Weightlifting could provide some early joy to India on Saturday, while the Badminton, Hockey, TT and Boxing campaigns also begin.

The Tokyo Olympics are taking place under heavy restrictions after a year’s delay because of the coronavirus pandemic. Deepika Kumari, Mirabai Chanu, Saurabh Chaudhary and Vikas Krishan are some of the biggest names in the schedule for the day.

The biggest joy for the Indians in the morning on Saturday came in Archery, with the mixed team of Deepika Kumari and Pravin Jadhav outclassing Chinese Taipei to make their way into the last 8. Elavenil Valarivan and Apurvi Chandela, meanwhile, failed to progress to the 10m air rifle final. The Indian men’s hockey team then beat New Zealand 3-2 in their first group match to make a triumphant start to their campaign.

The Games were declared open by Japan’s Emperor Naruhito after which tennis star Naomi Osaka lit the cauldron at the opening ceremony of the Tokyo Games on Friday, ending the flame’s long journey from Greece to these delayed Olympics. The cauldron sat atop a peak inspired by Mount Fuji. It was a sphere that opened like a flower, “to embody vitality and hope,” organizers said. A second cauldron has been placed in Tokyo’s waterfront area was to be lit after the opening ceremony. The games, delayed for a year by the pandemic, have had competition taking place since earlier in the week, but are not considered officially having started until the opening ceremony.

Here is the Indian schedule for the day–

July 24: Women’s 10m Air Rifle Qualification — Elavenil Valarivan, Apurvi Chandela from 5 AM

July 24: Men’s 10m Air Pistol Qualification — Saurabh Chaudhary, Abhishek Verma, from 9:30 AM

July 24: Women’s 10m Air Rifle Final — Elavenil Valarivan, Apurvi Chandela (if qualify), from 10:15 AM

July 24: Men’s 10m Air Pistol Final — Saurabh Chaudhary, Abhishek Verma (if qualify), from 12 PM

July 24: Women’s 48kg Round of 32, Successive Rounds — Sushila Devi Likmabam, from 7:30 AM

July 24: Women’s 49kg Medal Round — Mirabai Chanu, from 10:20 AM

July 24: Mixed Doubles Round of 16 — Sharath Kamal/Manika Batra, from 7:45 AM

July 24: Hockey Men’s Pool A — India vs New Zealand, 6:30 AM

July 24: Hockey Women’s Pool A — India vs Netherlands, 5:15 PM

July 24: Men’s Welterweight Round of 32 — Vikas Krishan, from 3:50 PM

How Microwave oven works | Characteristics

The microwave oven is among the most important inventions of the 20th century. A microwave oven is a staple in millions of American households. Consider how often you use your microwave every day. There are many people who are still finding the difference between Microwave and oven. Here are a few tips which help you understand the difference easily.

You have to be at work by 2:30 so that you can make breakfast at home. On your way to work, you stop at the gas station to top up your car. Grab a frozen breakfast burrito at the quickie-mart, and heat it up in the microwave. Lunch will be finished later in the day. By 3:00 p.m., you’re hungry so grab some microwaveable popcorn at the vending machines and pop it in the microwave. It’s too late for grilling after a long day of work so make last night’s lasagna in your microwave. Some of the best OTG microwave ovens allow you to set the temperature without hassles.

It is easy to see how microwave ovens can quickly cook food. Microwave ovens do not heat food and are therefore very efficient at using electricity. We will be discussing the secrets of microwave cooking and the “meals within one minute” phenomenon.

Important Characteristics of Microwave ovens

Microwave ovens heat food by using microwaves. Microwaves are radio waves. Radio waves are the most commonly used frequency for microwave ovens. It is 2.55 gigahertz, or approximately 2,500 megahertz. This radio wave has an interesting property. They can be easily absorbed by fats and sugars as well as water. When they are absorbed, they become heat. This is an interesting property of microwaves. They are not easily absorbed by ceramics, glass, and plastics. Microwave ovens reflect metal so metal pans will not work in them.

You often hear that microwave ovens can cook food from within. What does this actually mean? This explanation will help explain microwave cooking.

Baking with oven

Let’s say you want to bake a cake in a traditional oven. Normal baking temperatures are 350°F. Let’s say, however, that you accidentally heat your oven to 600 degrees. This will cause the outside of the cake to be burnt before it warms up inside. Conduction is the process by which heat moves from the outside to the middle of food in a conventional oven. Learn more about conduction at How a Thermos Work. Also, the food has hot, dry air that evaporates moisture. Crispy brown can occur on the outside of food (e.g. Bread crusts can form on the outside of food, while the inside remains moist.

Radio waves are used to penetrate food and excite water molecules evenly in the microwave oven. Conduction doesn’t allow heat to flow towards the interior. Heat is everywhere because all molecules are excited together. There are limits. Radio waves can penetrate thick food pieces unevenly (they don’t reach the middle) and there is interference from wave waves. You get the idea. The whole heating process will change if you “excite electrons” rather than “conducting heat.”

Easy to set temperature

It is impossible to make crust in a microwave oven because the oven’s temperature is room temperature. A small foil and cardboard sleeve is often included with microwaveable pastries. This sleeve helps to place food in the microwave. The microwave heat can cause the sleeves to get very hot. Thanks to the heat from the outside, the crust becomes crisp.

At least 31 killed as rain triggers mayhem in Mumbai

At least 31 persons, including eight minors, lost their lives in Mumbai as incessant rain from Saturday night and throughout Sunday triggered a landslip, house collapse and electrocution.

The Regional Meteorological Centre of Mumbai has predicted heavy to very heavy rainfall at few places, with extremely heavy rainfall at isolated places.

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation said more than 200 mm of rainfall was recorded between 11 p.m. on Saturday and 4 a.m. on Sunday. A BMC centre at Dahisar recorded the highest 226.82 mm of rainfall, followed by Chembur with 218.45 mm.

Nineteen people were killed and five injured at Vashi Naka in Chembur after a retaining wall collapsed on four or five huts due to the force of water and mud around 1 a.m.

A landslip at Panchasheel chawl in Vikroli on six houses around 3 a.m. resulted in the death of 10 people while one person was injured.

Soham Thorat, 16, died after a wall of his house at Kombagalli in Bhandup area collapsed, while one person was electrocuted at a shop in Andheri.

Five battalions of the National Disaster Response Force were deployed in Chembur and Vikroli to speed up rescue efforts. The search was on for two more missing individuals at the time of writing this report.

“I visited the 3 locations of landslips … Relief work is going on and all necessary financial and medical assistance is being provided by the Govt of Maharashtra and BMC,” Environment Minister Aaditya Thackeray tweeted.

President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray expressed condolences at the loss of lives in the Chembur, Vikhroli incidents. “The next of kin of those who lost their lives in the mishap will receive ₹5 lakh each from the State and those injured will be provided with free medical treatment,” said Mr Thackeray.

In view of the IMD forecast of heavy rains on Sunday, CM directed all agencies to stay on high alert and launch immediate rescue and relief operations in case of any mishaps. “If the water levels in the Mithi or other major nullahs rise above the danger level, those staying in nearby areas must be relocated to safer locations immediately,” he said.

Rains have also posed water shortage problems in front of the city as due to the inundation of rain water in the Bhandup Water Purification Complex.The Filtration and Pumping plants at the complex had to be shut down as a precautionary measure.

“Due to this, water supply in most of the parts of Mumbai has been disrupted today (Sunday). Efforts to restore Mumbai’s water supply are being made on war footing. We urge the citizens of Mumbai to boil potable water before consuming it, once the water supply is restored,” said the civic body press statement.

Heavy rains also resulted in water logging at 31 locations across Mumbai and 20 traffic diversions had to be announced. Several suburban local train services were also hit due water logging on tracks.

The rains have also brought good news to Mumbai as days after overflowing of Tulsi lake, one of water bodies which supply water to Mumbai, Vihar lake too overflowed at 9 AM on Sunday.

The IMD has predicted heavy to very heavy rains in the next 48 hours. It also expressed the possibility of occassional gutsy winds reaching 45-55 kmph gusting to 65 kmph. “In view of the likely formation of a low-pressure area over Northwest Bay of Bengal & neighbourhood around July 23 and associated strengthening of westerlies, parts of Konkan Goa and adjoining ghat areas of Madhya Maharashtra is very likely to experience an active rainfall spell during next 5-6 days with heavy to very heavy rainfall at a few places and extremely heavy rainfall at isolated places,” the release said.

Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray on Sunday evening held a meeting with senior officials in the state to take stock of the situation arose due to incessant rains.

Monsoon Arrives In Delhi After Long Delay; Massive Jams After Heavy Rain

Delhi Monsoon: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) had predicted moderate rain over Delhi this morning.

New Delhi: The long-delayed monsoon finally arrived in Delhi today as heavy rain and thunderstorms hit the national capital this morning leading to massive traffic jams. The city’s adjoining areas like Gurgaon and Faridabad have also received rainfall.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) had predicted moderate rain over Delhi this morning.

The southwest monsoon’s arrival today after a string of IMD’s incorrect predictions is the most delayed in Delhi in 15 years. The weather office faced a lot of criticism and called the failure in prediction “rare and uncommon”. The IMD’s last prediction was monsoon’s arrival last Saturday as Delhi and adjoining areas reeled under intense heat for weeks.

The Monsoon had reached almost all parts of the country but had stayed away from Delhi, Haryana, parts of west Uttar Pradesh and west Rajasthan. The weather forecasting agency had predicted that monsoon is expected to cover these parts by June — a little less than a month back but that did not happen.

K Jenamani, a senior scientist at IMD has said they will study why the arrival of monsoon was delayed in Delhi despite favourable conditions.

GlobalData report estimates India’s coal production to rise by 6.4%; Hindalco, Adani Group in Chhattisgarh to support sector

Total coal output in India is expected to increase by 6.4%. Private companies such as Hindalco, Vedanta, Adani Group Chhattisgarh and other coal-bearing states are expected to be major players.

According to the latest report by the UK-based analytics firm GlobalData, India’s coal production is estimated to surge by 6.4 per cent i.e., from 777Mt in 2020 to 827.8Mt in 2021. The major factor for the rise in total output is the entry of more private players in the sector.
Private players such as Hindalco, Vedanta, Adani Group Chhattisgarh and more have been managing coal blocks across Chhattisgarh and other coal-bearing states. This will play a crucial role in realising the government’s vision for the sector.

The UK-based analytics firm expects India’s coal production to rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9% in order to reach 1.2Bnt by 2025. The government’s target, on the other hand, stands at around 1Bnt. However, Vinneth Bajaj, a mining analyst at GlobalData said that the ongoing pandemic might pose some challenges to this estimation.
The sudden increase in new covid-19 cases since March 2021, has hampered the coal operations in India. Despite this, there was an uptick in coal offtake in the month of April this year, which strongly indicates a revival in demand in the coming months.

The sector is largely influenced by the coal-rich states like Chhattisgarh. The latter has over 16 per cent of the total coal deposits of India. The state also ranks 2nd in the total coal production by contributing more than 18 per cent to the overall production of the country.

With numerous coal mines containing huge reserves in different districts, the state is highly preferred by the miners. To simplify the auction process and attract major investors, the government had also amended the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 last year. Over the years, Chhattisgarh has seen the involvement of several private and public entities across the mines, which largely drive the economy.

To operate coal mines with the latest technology and boost competition, Adani Group mining Chhattisgarh signed a pact with Maharashtra State Power Generation Co Ltd for the development of the Gare Palma Sector II coal mine. The mine’s peak rated capacity and total mineable reserve stand at 23.6 million tonnes per annum and 553.177 MT, respectively. The project in Chhattisgarh by Adani Group, which include minedevelopment and final mine closure, will run for 34 years.

In the same state, Adani Enterprises, the flagship company of the Adani Group, launched MDO operations at the Parsa East-Kente Basan mine that is owned by Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd (RRVUNL). The estimated coal reserve in the block was 450 million tonnes. Post the coal supply by Adani Group in Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan might become power surplus.

Apart from this, mining giant Vedanta Ltd had bagged Chotia block in Chhattisgarh during the first phase of coal mine auctions. In the near term, the yearly output from the block is estimated to reach 1 million tonnes. On the other hand, Aditya Birla Group’s Hindalco Industries had also won the final bid for Gare Palma-IV/5 in Chhattisgarh with extractable reserves of 42.43 MT per annum.

Considering the richness of the state in terms of coal, Sarda Energy and Minerals placed the winning bid for Gare Palma IV/7 coal mine in Chhattisgarh. The mine has a total geological reserve of 234.205 million tonnes and the company quoted a major revenue share of 66.75 per cent during the first tranche of commercial coal mine auction in India.

India is increasingly unlocking the participation of private entities in coal mining. This will play a key role in improving the sector’s overall revenue and reducing dependency on imports. It will also fulfil the government’s objective to promote transparency, leverage technology, competitiveness and more. The government has also been laying a robust framework to enhance productivity and reduce environmental impact across the mining operations.

Recently, the government has also announced to offer 67 mines with a total resource of almost 36 bn during the 2nd tranche of coal mines auctions for commercial mining. It will be the biggest offer of coal mines in India.

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